TYPES OF DENTAL VENEERS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

The teeth are our business card to society. That is why we want to show off radiant teeth and with the best possible appearance, but with a simple procedure. A dental treatment that is currently in high demand for its speed and effectiveness is the procedure that includes different types of dental veneers.

Characteristics of dental veneers

Before explaining the characteristics and materials of this dental treatment, we want to tell you what dental veneers are. They are thin sheets of different materials that adhere to the front of the tooth to improve its appearance considerably. Take note of the veneer classes:

Porcelain or ceramic

The most commonly used veneers are ceramic or porcelain. Although its cost may be higher, compared to composite, its durability and quality are higher. This variation of veneers is recommended for use in more serious cases, such as chipped teeth, discoloration, excessive separation of the front teeth, etc. These are divided into three types:

  • Ultrafine. They are the highest quality veneers that leave a better appearance. Injected porcelain is used to make this material , which generates greater resistance. The most prominent and the most used in the world of dentistry are the Lumineers brand veneers . The name “ultrafine” is due to the fact that they have a maximum thickness of 1 millimeter, which, in most cases, avoids having to file or modify the tooth.
  • Zirconium With a greater thickness and resistance, in parity with ultra-thin veneers. Zirconia veneers offer greater resistance, but are only used in very specific cases. Your dentist should assess whether it is necessary to use this material for your treatment. Zirconia is an element widely used in dentistry, as it has an advantage over other materials: its transparency. The naturalness that this element provides is unique; therefore, it is ideal for aesthetic interventions. It is also used to make dental bridges, crowns and unit caps.
  • Lithium disilicate. Lithium disilicate is a material that results from the combination of glass and ceramic. It is used to make dental prostheses, bridges, crowns and veneers. Its durability has been shown to be 3 times greater than that of other materials. Its easy handling and high resistance make this material a very good alternative. Another benefit of lithium disilicate is its cementation ; This means that a greater adherence to the dental tissue is achieved, and, consequently, a more durable bond.

Composite

Composite is an extremely resistant material. To give us an idea of ​​its high resistance, it is enough to know that it is a material used in the aeronautical and space industry. The composite is made up of carbon, glass and boron fibers , or in some cases, ceramic.

An advantage of composite veneers is that it only takes one session to place them. On the other hand, its disadvantage is that it offers less durability, compared to porcelain veneers.

Specialists prefer to use this material to make simple corrections or to make modifications for young people, since the porcelain treatment is recommended to use once the growth has been completed. For this reason, porcelain is used in patients 18 years of age or older.