5 Networking Types Explained

A networking is a collection of devices connected to share information or resources. It could be as easy as connecting your PC to the printer or as complicated as the whole internet.

Networking is a nebulous as well as multi-layered (no no pun meant!) subject with lots of complicated. For the average homeowner, the various technical terms and acronyms can be confusing. In this article, we’ll look at five networks that are commonly used and explain them for those who’ve never considered networks before.

Local Area Network (LAN)

The term “LAN” refers to a set composed of devices linked over shorter distances, and located within a defined space. It could be a networking inside the home or company, or it could even encompass an area as vast as the campus of a college.

The LAN at home may comprise a variety of intelligent as well as IoT devices, including smart light bulbs , an IoT video doorbell that is WiFi or including your TV with a smart display as well as all your conventional devices like laptops, PCs and smartphones.

The hardware needed to support a LAN will be basic, usually consisting of one ISP-provided multi-purpose device that functions as a spectranet router login with some switch capabilities.

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)

The wireless area networking may be thought of as a subcategory to traditional regional area networks. According to the definition, to be in range of the wireless access point the device has to be located close to the access point. Wireless networks differ in that they utilize wireless as an open hub via which they transfer data instead of discrete cabling. This is well, since we call it WiFi.

If you have only one physically local area networking you can set up multiple WLANs in a limited area using sub-bands of frequency. They are referred to as channels that can be set from your router’s settings. If you’ve ever attempted changing the channel your home WiFi broadcasts on the advice of an online ‘improve your home internet speed’ guide that’s what has been happening.

The hardware needed to establish the WLAN is identical to that of an ordinary LAN, however, in this case, wireless access points are essential. The same device provided by the ISP is often used for access points however, larger offices and homes require more access points to avoid zones with poor connectivity. Each is linked to the router using network ide cable and switches.

Wide Area Network (WAN)

Instead of connecting devices locally rather than connecting local devices, a WAN connects several smaller networks that span greater distances. This creates a wide variety of new possibilities for computers to share information and data.

Networks that are WAN-based can be more challenging to setup and maintain, as they require collaboration from many participants to ensure the network remains reliable and functional, however they’re at the heart of all information exchange and we’ve been able to achieve amazing feats due to it.

The internet itself is a networking (the largest it is) as well as a worldwide network that connects millions of computers.

The network hardware that is involved is enlarged in every way that is possible. Copper and fiber optic cables, as well as copper lines, along with massive server arrays are needed to connect all the devices.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)

A VPN provides a unique mix of security as well as remote access. If you are using VPN, you can use VPN. It allows you to send or receive information as though you were a member of an encrypted network even though you’re working from another location.

There are two primary reasons for this:

First, for companies who require an encrypted connection to their network for employees who work remotely.

In the second, users can create an online networking, then become as a member of it, and appear on the world wide web as part of the virtual network. This can be a means of hiding your identity as well as the true location of your IP address when engaging with public networks. This is a huge benefit regarding privacy, as well as security.

A whole industry has sprung around this type of VPN that allows internet users protect their personal information from protocols that seek to monitor them and save the data. VPNs provide you with an internet proxy which gives users access to the internet, without having to identify you.

Virtual Local Network (VLAN)

A VLAN is an under network that is made up of the devices of the same network and creates an underlying virtual LAN for these devices, effectively distancing them from the rest of the devices in the networking. It achieves the same goals that WLANs are able to accomplish by using distinct channels, and gives the LAN a greater flexibility.

This is usually employed by businesses as they attempt to categorize particular groups of people or devices to manage information. In reality it is done through a process known as VLAN tag which labels packets so that they can be identified when they connect to an entry point. This allows for advanced protocols for communication which can be customized to meet the specific needs of the particular company.

Although the hardware for the network used here is not different from the typical networking, you’ll require an enterprise-grade router that has features, including, VLAN tagging to be capable of creating VLANs.

We hope this article helps clarify some of the distinctions between different types of networks, and the impact they have on organizations and individuals more broadly. If you require any networking equipment for your company or at home, check out our selection today, or contact us for advice from an expert.