The number of people with insulin resistance has increased alarmingly due to the epidemic of overweight, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle that characterizes the current lifestyle.
When we eat, we get nutrients and energy for our cells; that is the primary function of glucose from food, to serve as fuel to function correctly.
Insulin is the hormone responsible for sending a signal to cells to allow glucose to enter.
The “fuel” that our cells require constantly varies according to the activity that we carry out.
The brain must maintain the proper balance between the glucose we eat and our cells’ energy. Therefore, it must monitor the food we eat, blood glucose levels, and the energy requirements of our cells and send a signal to the pancreas to release the exact amount of insulin.
Insulin then sends a “signal” to the cells to allow the entry of glucose and use it while maintaining blood glucose levels within the standard parameter.
If this balance is not maintained correctly, it will mean that the cells have lost the “sensitivity” to perceive insulin signals. They are “insulin resistant” or “insulin resistant.”
How does “insulin resistance” occur?
Currently, we eat more calories than we need, and most of the calories come from “simple carbohydrates” such as sugar, sweets, and processed products, which are absorbed very quickly into the bloodstream. This forces the pancreas to release a large amount of insulin to keep blood glucose levels regular.
If we constantly eat this type of food and do not exercise, the cells can lose the ability to respond to insulin signals over time. They can become insulin resistant, and glucose levels in the blood tend to rise.
If this happens, the brain will immediately signal the pancreas to release more insulin into the bloodstream. This will result in the insulin levels in the blood will be very high “Hyperinsulinemia.”
- Hyperinsulinemia sustained over time predisposes to Type 2 Diabetes and, in turn, also causes serious problems such as arterial hypertension, increased excessive production of Androgens in polycystic ovaries, as well as inflammation and fluid and sodium (salt) retention, also favoring the constriction of the arteries, thus adding another risk factor for cardiovascular disease.