Acetic Acid Can Be Converted Into Acetyl Chloride By Using
by S.T.R Classes
Acetic Acid Can Be Converted Into Acetyl Chloride: A Comprehensive Guide
Acetic acid is a common compound found in everyday items like vinegar and acid rain. It is also an important starting material used in the synthesis of a variety of chemicals. Acetyl chloride is a derivative of acetic acid and is used in a variety of reactions. In this article, we will discuss how acetic acid can be converted into acetyl chloride.
What is Acetic Acid?
Acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid, is an organic compound with the formula CH3COOH. It is a colorless liquid that is miscible with water. Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar (apart from water), and is responsible for its sour taste and pungent smell. Acetic acid is an important starting material in the production of many other chemicals, such as esters and polymers.
What is Acetyl Chloride?
Acetyl chloride, also known as ethanoyl chloride, is an organic compound with the formula CH3COCl. It is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Acetyl chloride is used in a variety of reactions, such as the production of polymers, esters, and other derivatives. It is also used as a reagent in organic synthesis.
How Does Acetic Acid Convert Into Acetyl Chloride?
The conversion of acetic acid into acetyl chloride is a two-step process. In the first step, acetic acid is reacted with thionyl chloride (SOCl2) in the presence of a catalyst such as pyridine. This reaction leads to the formation of acyl chloride, which is then hydrolyzed in the second step to form acetyl chloride.
The reaction mechanism of the conversion of acetic acid into acetyl chloride is as follows:
Step 1: The acetic acid reacts with thionyl chloride in the presence of a catalyst such as pyridine to form acyl chloride.
Step 2: The acyl chloride is then hydrolyzed to form acetyl chloride.
The reaction of acetic acid and thionyl chloride to form acetyl chloride occurs at a temperature of 80-85°C. The reaction is carried out in the presence of a catalyst such as pyridine.
Advantages of Acetyl Chloride Synthesis
The synthesis of acetyl chloride from acetic acid has several advantages. Firstly, it is a simple and efficient process that can be carried out at low temperatures. Secondly, the reaction does not require any expensive reagents or catalysts. Lastly, the process produces a high yield of acetyl chloride.
In conclusion, acetic acid can be converted into acetyl chloride through a two-step process involving the reaction of acetic acid with thionyl chloride in the presence of a catalyst. This reaction is simple and efficient and produces a high yield of acetyl chloride.