Embora O morro dos ventos uivantes de Emily Brontë tenha feito mais sucesso do que Jane Eyre por seu caráter Para mim, alguns filmes superam o livro sim ou se igualam. os melhores sites para baixar música de graça (e legalmente!). wuthering heights, morro dos ventos uivantes, and catherine and heatchcliff image. Madeofdream_J @Dream_J black and white, catherine, and livro image. Wuthering Heights, Emily Brontë’s only novel, was published in under the pseudonym Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
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It was written between October and June After Emily’s death, Charlotte edited the manuscript of Wuthering Heights and arranged for the edited version to be published as a posthumous second edition in Although Wuthering Heights is now a classic of English literature, contemporary reviews were deeply polarised; it was controversial because of its unusually stark depiction of mental and physical cruelty, and it challenged strict Victorian ideals regarding religious hypocrisymoralitysocial classes and gender inequality.
Wuthering Heights contains elements of gothic fiction and another significant aspect is the moorland setting. The novel has inspired adaptations, including film, radio and television dramatisations, a musical, a ballet, operas, and a song by Kate Bush. InLockwooda wealthy young man from the South of England, who is seeking peace and recuperation, rents Thrushcross Grange in Yorkshire. He visits his landlordHeathcliffwho lives in a remote moorland farmhouse, Wuthering Heights.
There Lockwood finds an odd assemblage: Heathcliff, who seems to be a gentleman, but his manners are uncouth; the reserved mistress of the house, who is in her mid-teens; and a young man, who seems to be a member of the family, yet dresses and speaks as if he is a servant.
Snowed in, Lockwood is grudgingly allowed to stay and is shown to a bedchamber, where he notices books and graffiti left by a former inhabitant named Catherine. He falls asleep and has a nightmare, in which he sees the ghostly Catherine trying to enter through the window. He cries out in fear, rousing Heathcliff, who rushes into the room. Lockwood is convinced that what he saw was real.
Heathcliff, believing Lockwood to be right, examines the window and opens it, hoping to allow Catherine’s spirit to enter. When nothing happens, Heathcliff shows Lockwood to his own bedroom and returns to keep watch at the window. At sunrise, Heathcliff escorts Lockwood back to Thrushcross Grange. After his visit to the Heights, Lockwood becomes ill and is confined to his bed for some length of time.
The Grange housekeeper, Ellen Nelly Deanwho is looking after him, tells him the story of the family at the Heights during his convalescence. Thirty years earlier, the owner of Wuthering Heights was Mr. Earnshaw, who lived with his son Hindley and younger daughter Catherine. On a trip to LiverpoolEarnshaw encounters a homeless boy, described as a “dark-skinned gypsy in aspect”. He adopts the boy and names him Heathcliff. Hindley feels that Heathcliff has supplanted him in his father’s affections and becomes bitterly jealous.
Catherine and Heathcliff become friends and spend hours each day playing on the moors. Three years later Earnshaw dies, and Hindley becomes the landowner; he is now master of Wuthering Heights. He returns to live there with his new wife, Frances.
He allows Heathcliff to stay, but only as a servant, and regularly mistreats him.
After being discovered, they try to run away, but are caught. Catherine is injured by the Lintons’ dog and taken into the house to recuperate, while Heathcliff is sent home.
Catherine stays with the Lintons. The Lintons are landed gentryand Catherine is influenced by their elegant appearance and genteel manners. When she returns to Wuthering Heights, her appearance and manners are more ladylike, and she laughs at Heathcliff’s unkempt appearance. The next day, knowing that the Lintons are to visit, Heathcliff, upon Nelly’s advice, tries to dress up, in an effort to impress Catherine, but he and Edgar get into an argument, and Hindley humiliates Heathcliff by locking him in the attic.
Catherine tries to comfort Heathcliff, but he vows revenge on Hindley. The following year, Frances Earnshaw gives birth to a son, named Haretonbut she dies a few months later. Hindley descends into drunkenness. Two more years pass, and Catherine and Edgar Linton become friends, while she becomes more distant from Heathcliff.
Edgar visits Catherine while Hindley is away, and they declare themselves lovers soon afterwards. Catherine confesses to Nelly that Edgar has proposed marriage and she has accepted, although her love for Edgar is not comparable to her love for Heathcliff, whom she cannot marry because of his low social status and lack of education.
She hopes to use her position as Edgar’s wife to raise Heathcliff’s standing. Heathcliff overhears her say that it would “degrade” her to marry him but not how much she loves himand he runs away and disappears without a trace.
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Distraught over Heathcliff’s departure, Catherine makes herself ill. Nelly and Edgar begin to pander to her every whim to prevent her from becoming ill again. Edgar and Catherine marry and go to live together at Thrushcross Grange, where Catherine enjoys being “lady of the manor”. Six months later, Heathcliff returns, now a wealthy gentleman. Catherine is delighted, uivqntes Edgar is not. Edgar’s sister, Isabellasoon falls in love with Heathcliff, who despises her, but encourages the infatuation as a means of uiantes.
This leads to an argument with Catherine at Thrushcross Grange, which Edgar overhears. Finally, enraged by Heathcliff’s constant appearance and foul parlance, he forbids Heathcliff from visiting Catherine altogether.
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Upset, Catherine locks herself in her room and begins to make herself ill again. She is also now pregnant with Edgar’s child. Heathcliff takes up residence at Wuthering Heights and spends his time gambling with Hindley and teaching Hareton bad habits.
Hindley dissipates his wealth and mortgages the farmhouse to Heathcliff to pay his debts. Heathcliff elopes with Isabella Linton. Two months after their elopement, Heathcliff and Isabella return to Wuthering Heights, where Heathcliff discovers that Catherine is dying. With Nelly’s help, he visits Catherine secretly.
The following day, she gives birth to a daughter, Cathyshortly before dying. While Catherine is lying in her coffin overnight, prior to the funeral, Heathcliff returns and replaces the lock of Edgar’s hair in her necklace with a lock of his vventos. Shortly after the funeral, Isabella leaves Heathcliff and finds refuge in the South of England.
She gives birth to a son, Linton. Hindley dies six months after Catherine, and Heathcliff thus finds himself master of Wuthering Heights. Catherine’s daughter, Cathy, has become a beautiful, high-spirited girl.
Edgar learns that his sister Isabella is dying, so he leaves to retrieve her son Linton in order to adopt and educate him. Cathy, who has rarely left home, takes advantage of her father’s absence to venture further afield. She rides over the moors to Wuthering Heights and discovers that she has not one but two cousins: Hareton, in addition to Linton.
She also lets it be known that her father has gone to fetch Linton. When Edgar returns with Linton, a weak and sickly boy, Heathcliff insists that he live at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff hopes that Linton and Cathy will marry, so that Linton will become the heir to Thrushcross Grange.
Linton and Cathy begin a secret friendship, echoing the childhood friendship between their respective parents, Heathcliff and Catherine. Nelly finds out about the letters. The following year, Edgar becomes very ill and takes a turn for the worse while Nelly and Cathy are out on the moors, where Heathcliff and Linton trick them into entering Wuthering Heights.
Heathcliff keeps them captive to enable the marriage of Cathy and Linton to take place. After five days, Nelly is released, and later, with Linton’s help, Cathy escapes. She returns to the Grange to see her father shortly before he dies.
Wuthering Heights – Wikipedia
Soon after she arrives, Linton dies. Hareton tries to be kind to Cathy, but she withdraws from the world. At this point, Nelly’s tale catches up to the present day Time passes and, after being ill for a period, Lockwood grows tired of the moors and informs Heathcliff that he will be leaving Thrushcross Grange. Eight months later, Lockwood returns to the area by chance.
Given that his tenancy at Thrushcross Grange is still valid, he decides to stay there again. He finds Nelly living at Wuthering Heights and enquires what has happened since he left.
She explains that she moved to Wuthering Heights to replace the housekeeper, Zillah, who had left. Hareton has an accident and is confined to the farmhouse.
During his convalescence, he and Cathy overcome their mutual antipathy and become close. While their friendship develops, Heathcliff begins to act strangely and has visions of Catherine.
He stops eating and, after four days of increasingly bad health, is found dead in Catherine’s old room. He is buried next to Catherine. As he gets ready to leave, he passes the graves of Catherine, Edgar, and Heathcliff and pauses to contemplate the quiet of the moors. At one stage Heathcliff is described as a vampire, and it has been suggested that both he and Catherine are in fact meant to be seen as vampire like personalities.
The original text, as published by Thomas Cautley Newby inis available online in two parts. Wuthering Heights occupied the first two volumes, while Agnes Grey made up the third. Writing to her publisher, W. Williams, she mentioned that “It seems to me advisable to modify the orthography of the old servant Joseph’s speeches; for though, as it stands, it exactly renders the Yorkshire dialect to a Yorkshire ear, yet I am sure Southerns must find it unintelligible; and thus one of the most graphic characters in the book is lost on them.
There are several theories about which real building or buildings if any may have inspired Wuthering Heights.
One common candidate is Top Withensa ruined farmhouse in an isolated area near the Haworth Parsonagealthough its structure does not match that of the farmhouse described in the novel.
The second possibility is High Sunderland Hallnear Halifaxnow demolished. While it was perhaps grander than Wuthering Heights, the hall had grotesque embellishments of griffins and misshapen nude males similar to those described by Lockwood in Chapter 1 of the novel. The kivantes for Thrushcross Grange has long been traced to Ponden Hallnear Haworth, which is very small.