Bharat Ki Sabse Lambi Nadi: Introduction to India's Longest River
India is home to many of the world's longest rivers, and the longest of them all is the Ganges, also known as the Ganga. This river begins in the Himalayas and flows southward through the Indian subcontinent, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal. It is the longest river in India and one of the most important for its religious and cultural significance.
The Origin of the Ganges
The Ganges is believed to have originated from the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva released the river from his matted hair and it has been flowing ever since. The river's source is located at an elevation of about 4,200 meters and it flows for about 2,525 kilometers (1,569 miles) before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.
The Course of the Ganges
The Ganges flows through the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Along its course, it passes through the cities of Haridwar, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna and Kolkata. It is joined by many tributaries along its course, including the Yamuna, the Gomti, the Ghaghara, the Gandak, the Son and the Chambal.
The Significance of the Ganges
The Ganges is an important river for many reasons. It is the lifeline of millions of people who live along its course, providing them with water for drinking, farming and other activities. It is also a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who come to the river to bathe in its holy waters.
The Pollution of the Ganges
Unfortunately, the Ganges is also one of the most polluted rivers in the world. Industrial pollutants, agricultural runoff and sewage from nearby cities have caused severe water pollution, leading to the river being classified as a sewage canal in some parts. This has had devastating effects on the health of those living along its course and in its vicinity.
In recent years, there have been various efforts to clean up the Ganges. The Indian government has established the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) in 2009, which is responsible for implementing various projects to reduce pollution and restore the river's health. In addition, various private organizations and individuals have also taken up initiatives to promote the conservation of the Ganges.
The Ganges is an important river for India and its people, both culturally and economically. Despite being heavily polluted, the river still plays a vital role in the lives of those who depend on it for their livelihoods. Conservation efforts are necessary to ensure the health of the Ganges in the future, and it is up to all of us to ensure that it remains clean and healthy.