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In The Stranger, a novel by Albert Camus, and in “Funes the Memorious,” a short story by Jorge Luis Borges, the homodiegetic narrators have a significant Mémoire is the mental faculty (memory in a general sense), and souvenir is the. We are our memory. We are that chimerical museum of shifting shapes. That pile of broken mirrors.” ― Jorge Luis Borges, In Praise of. fantasy short story by Jorge Luis Borges. Funes el memorioso (Spanish). 0 references. author · Jorge Luis Borges. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia.

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Soon enough, Borges receives a note from Funes, requesting that the visitor lend him some of his Latin books and a dictionary. Says Funes, midway through the story: As he enters, Borges is greeted by Funes’s voice speaking perfect Latin, reciting “the first paragraph of the twenty-fourth chapter of the seventh book of the Historia Naturalis ” by Pliny the Elder.

Most of these characters had been earlier described by Cicero in his Tusculan Disputations. Funes’s mother escorts him to a patio where the fnues usually spends his dark hours.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In The Principles of Psychologyone of his fore- most works, James says this about memory: This page was last edited on 24 Septemberat These borgee, as borgss as the use of simple mnemonics, allowed Shereshevskii to remember long sequences of numbers and letters many years after first hearing them. Funes may be compared to an autistic savantin that he has acquired an extraordinary ability, memorywithout the obvious need for study or practice. In fact, he starts chapter 24 of book VII saying:.

The very existence of eidetic memory is controversial, although hyperthymesianow known as highly superior autobiographical memory HSAMthe ability to recall one’s past day-by-day, has been confirmed to exist by some neuroscientists Parker et al.

The early death of Funes echoes the idea of unfulfilled potential, the wasted miracle of a plainsman with phenomenal abilities who lives and dies in obscurity. Without totally forgetting a prodigious number of states of consciousness, and momentarily forgetting a large number, we could not remember at all.


My memory, sir, is like a rubbish heap. British-American neurologist and writer Oliver Sacks cites Luria’s book as the inspiration for his own book, Awakeningswhich is dedicated to Luria.

Borges and Memory: Encounters with the Human Brain [Excerpt]

After mmolre Shereshevskii for more than 30 years, Luria confessed his inability to find a limit to S. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Sign up for our email newsletter. If we remembered everything, we should on most occasions be as ill off as if we remembered nothing.

The scientific term for their unique condition is bogges hyperthymestic syndrome “, more recently known as highly superior autobiographical memory HSAM. Lo he recordado porque la consecutiva y recta.

Pliny, Natural Historyvol. Harvard University Press, ; London: Going back to Funes and other people with extraordinary memory, we must mention Borges himself, who could quote whole passages in Spanish, English, German, and Anglo-Saxon, among other tongues.

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Already in the literature of the first millennium there are references to people with prodigious memory, particularly in the Natu mmoirr historia Natural History of Pliny the Elder Gaius Plinius Secundus, 23—79 A.

Intervenciones sobre pensamiento y literatura Buenos Aires: There are clear parallels between Shereshevskii and Funes, despite the fact that the former trained his memory based on his synesthesia while for the latter to remember everything was completely natural. In fact, toward the end of the story he mentions that Funes found sleeping difficult, because to sleep is to get distracted from the world. Borges himself states the tale is a metaphor for this in the prologue to Artifices.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Funes claims to have invented a system of enumeration which gives every numeral up to at least 24, its own arbitrary name.

Even in these cases, however, the memory is not eidetic as, while exceptional, it only contains personally-relevant autobiographical information [3]. Because Funes can distinguish every physical object at every distinct time of viewing, he has no clear need of generalization or detail-suppression for the management of sense impressions. University Press of Mississippi,p. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.


Days later, Borges receives a telegram from Buenos Aires calling for his return due to his father’s ill health. One of the main newspapers in Argentina. Reprinted from Borges and Memory: Funes sits in a dark room and goes over the events in his past. The fragment, the writer said, was on an odd-numbered page near the middle of the book.

A poor, ignorant young boy in the outskirts of a small town, he is hopelessly limited in his possibilities, but says Borges his absurd projects reveal “a certain stammering greatness”. When I suffered from insomnia I tried to forget myself, to forget my body, the position of my body, the bed, the furniture, the three gardens of the hotel, the eucalyptus tree, the books on the shelf, all the streets of the village, the station, the farmhouses.

As he packs, he remembers the books and goes to Funes’s house. In order to pass the time, Funes has engaged in projects such as reconstructing a full day’s worth of past memories an effort which, he finds, takes him another full dayand constructing a “system of enumeration” that gives each number a different, arbitrary name.

Funes the Memorious

In a word that fragmentary hoodlum is me, or is an image I stole for literary purposes but which corresponds to my own insomnia. Funes has an immediate intuition of the mane of a horse or the form of borbes constantly changing flame that is comparable to our normal people’s intuition of a simple geometric shape such as a triangle or square.

Harvard University Press; London: In fact, he starts chapter 24 of book VII saying: Funes enumerates to Borges the cases of brges memory cited in the Historia Naturalisand adds that he marvels that those are considered marvellous. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.