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Time scales for astrophysical phenomena are sometimes thought to catalofo overwhelmingly large and to exceed by far human life. While this is true for many cases, there are others which take the blink of an eye. Halfway between them, some interesting facts seem to happen in historical time scales and therefore have been analyzed by human beings with changing eyes.

The evolution of thinking is then projected onto them and history and science become intertwined. One of the most beautiful cases is that of the Crab Nebula and its associated pulsar.

Comellas, JoseĢ Luis

A very recent work by Andrew Lyne and collaborators in Science magazine has shown its evolution in the last 20 years, suggestive of things happening on its interior almost right now 1. In any case, the goal of his catalog was simply to coomellas targets potentially mistaken by comets, particularly for the quest of the Comet Halley in the XVII century.

Lampland reported changes in M1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and those of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, respectively.

The astonishingly large expansion velocities inferred from their works required the nature of the nebula to be revised. It was easy to rewind and conclude that by year 1, AC the object should have been squeezed to a stellar size.


This meant that the nebula was in fact a supernova remnant and, being located at some 6, light-years, the explosion could potentially had been observed by human eyes. Its position close to the Sun at peak magnitude made it difficult to be observed during daylight and this prevented other civilizations to spot it. All correspond to the same object, the core of the exploded star, rotating every 30 milliseconds 3.

This pulsar is extremely important for scientists, since it is very young and very close to us.

And this makes it possible to careful analyze its rotation, as the work by Lyne et al. This work uses observations taken daily during 22 years with the m radiotelescope at Jodrell Bank Observatory and less-frequently with Lovell Telescope, roughly six mmessier bigger. The two decades of observation of the pulsar has provided good clues on the behavior and evolution of young pulsars.

Books by Jose Luis Comellas

As shown in the figure 3, the pulsar cataloho not a single pulse but two components with slightly different phases. These signals are originated in the magnetosphere of the neutron star, where the magnetic mezsier lines that close within the light cylinder meet with those open and nearer to the magnetic poles.

The most important result of this work is the discovery of the components drifting apart in phase from each other. But, what does this mean?


Since these radio components are also observed and closely match high-energy emissions, it is possible to us models of such X-ray sources to discuss the observations. In short, those emissions come from a cone tilted with respect to the rotation axis of the star.

If we assume that the pulsar is not behaving very differently from others, the simplest explanation to the observed change in the radio emissions is that the angle of the emission with respect to the rotation axis is also increasing with time, at a rate of 0.


If the magnetic field were a simple dipole then actalogo evolution to alignment and not orthogonality would be more catalgo. However, this can be interpreted as the a torque over the magnetic field being developed by the return current in messler surface of the quickly spinning neutron star.

So, since the Chinese astronomers peeked into the guest star in the heavens at mesdier beginning of the second millennium to mesxier radio astronomers revealing the incredible forces in the very center of the dead star, we have witnessed the evolution of the human thinking as well as the evolution of the star itself.

Our thoughts and theories evolve, as nature does. And this hopefully means that we are reaching a more precise understanding of the Universe and that the years to come will bring ideas and facts that now we can only wonder.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: This iconic picture of the Crab Nebula by Hubble Space Telescope has dominated the popular view of this object, while other hidden treasures are located in its interior.

Loll Arizona State University. The gem of the treasure is shown in this composite cstalogo of the X-ray source inside the Crab Nebula. The pulsar displays two main components: Madrid SpainEditorial Equipo Sirius.

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