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of the content of the previous/ existing HLURB CLUP Guidebooks? Two Comprehensive Plans Mandated by the Local CLUP Guidebook Volume 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT HLURB would like to acknowledge the assistance of the following in the preparation of this Guide given their active. VOLUME 2: CLUP – ZONING ORDINANCE | ii. Table of Contents. Municipal as provided for in the Ordinance. CLUP Guidebook Volume 3.

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Guidebooks and Frameworks

Planning and Development Research Foundation, Inc. Roque Arrieta Magno, Arch. Christer Kjorneberg and Arch. Celestino Ulep for the technical editing works.

Ang for their perseverance, diligence and participation during the seemingly endless discussions. Finally, we also would like to convey our sincere appreciation to those whose names may not appear in the list but have contributed clp in the completion of this Guidebook. A participatory process is one opportunity to advocate the value of multi-sectoral partnerships in the determination of key issues and concerns and how to address them.

It should be noted, however, that during the process, some of guidbeook data as outlined in the guide may not be available to the planner, and therefore the need to provide an approximate view of the situation based on common observations of prevailing gguidebook and practices. The GIS Guidebook provides simple and practical tools in data processing and data analysis.

These tools help the user analyze situations through the use of GIS technology and Microsoft Excel spreadsheets. They are also useful in guidevook succeeding stages of the planning process; plan implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

Guidebooks and Frameworks | HLURB

Crosscutting issues or concerns relating to the Millennium Development Goals particularly those of poverty guideboko, empowerment, and sustainable development will require cross-sectoral and integrated analysis of the causes and effects. It is done simultaneously with the assessment and situation analysis phase of the CLUP planning process which is outlined in Volume I: Analyzing the Situation of the Guide.

Sectoral studies are basically diagnostic in approach. They are geared towards the following: The studies employ indicators such as established standards, rates or proportions, percentages, presence or absence of, quantities, and the like.

While it may not be the only way to do it, this model is useful in the sense that: The model is enhanced to be consistent guidbeook the strategic approach to planning where the Vision serves as the overriding direction to achieve the desired gudebook of life. Reduced poverty; greater equity; and ecological integrityPopulation OutcomesDevelopment ProcessesPopulation ProcessesYDevelopment OutcomesThe framework provides the following definitions and is further expanded in Figure 2 with respect to environmental element: Guisebook interplay gguidebook these factors affects the population outcomes.

Population Outcomes are the results of any change in the population processes size of the population, its age and sex composition and its distribution in space e. These population outcomes, in turn, affect development and environment processes. Development Processes may include consumption of goods and services such as food, health, education, and housing: These processes affect the development outcomes goals and objectives. Environment Processes refer to the use guidehook various natural resources for production profit and consumption enjoyment ; regeneration or conservation of natural resources, etc.

Thus, they also affect development process as well as environment outcomes. These outcomes or results, in turn affect the population processes at the beginning of planning exercise.

Population processes and outcomes determine the level of production and consumption of goods and services, savings, human capital, among others. Guidebookk processes also affect utilization or conservation of the environment and its resources and vice-versa. Development processes, including environment processes, dictate the income and its distribution, employment status, education status, environmental quality, among others.

The relationship of population and development factors follow a cyclic pattern. These will provide relevant information on the locality in terms of the following: Status of Present Environment Settings and ProblemsAn assessment of the overall environmental quality of the area may be culled from the concerned sectoral studies and cross-referenced with the results of natural and other physical related studies.

The main output of these studies is the delineation of areas that experience environmental stress such as degraded coral reefs, polluted rivers, depleted groundwater resources, blighted urban areas and others. The Multi-Lingual Demographic dictionary of the United Nations defines demography as the scientific study of the human population primarily with respect to size, structure and development. It is therefore concerned with the current size and characteristics of human population, how they were attained and how they are changing.


Population, as defined in the Glossary of Definition of the National statistical Coordination Board NSCB is the total number of individuals in a territory at a specified time. It covers both nationals and aliens; native- and foreign-born persons, internees, refugees and other groups physically present within the borders of a country at a specified time.

Thus, the total population of the planning area i. The changes in population brought about by its components such as birth, death, and migration relate to the historical and projected growth of the population. Population composition includes the characteristics of the population in terms of age groupings and sex ratios.

It provides the basis for social and economic planning considerations. Economic dependency ratios and participation measures as in labor force participation ratios are derived from population composition data.

School age population and the enrollment participation ratios are also derived from population composition characteristics.

Urbanization trends and density levels are also derived from population distribution patterns. It is essential to take into account population projections, its size and characteristics, at city and municipal levels, which would serve as basis for estimating future needs and potentials in short and long-range planning.

Other population data include marital status, ethnic origin and dialect spoken; religious affiliation; literacy rate and number of disabled persons. Such information do not affect the total size of the population but are also determinants of guidebiok structure and composition of the population. It should vo,ume understood that population is the most important set of information for planning. It is the basis for determining the level of needs for public services like schools, vloume centers, recreational facilities, power, water, protective vplume, etc.

Population creates local demand for goods and services affecting the level of economic activities in sustaining their viable existence in an area.

The present and projected size of the population is an equally important input in assessing housing and other basic needs adequacy as well as calculating future demand. It also serves as a guide for allocating land for various uses. The following guidebolk illustrate the usage of population data by different sectors.

Education The age structure and population age groups determine the number of school-going age population, and their impact on educational facilities and manpower requirements. Health, Nutrition and Family Planning Guidebooj size would be a parameter in the volime of health facility and health manpower requirements. Housing and Community Development An increasing population connotes an increasing demand for housing with necessary amenities and livelihood opportunities.

Squatter settlement sizes and rates of expansion of the informal sectors have to be estimated in order to help shape relocation and housing targets in order to provide them with decent housing. Social Services and Welfare Services Data about age cohorts by age and economic circumstances are necessary in quantifying potential social welfare services demand. Similarly, a census of the physically handicapped and survey results showing the magnitude of those below the poverty line are necessary inputs in planning for welfare and livelihood programs related to these needs of those vulnerable groups of the population.

Economic Services Agriculture, Guideboo, and Trade, Industry and Tourism Population size, its growth, its spatial and age distribution affect the demand for economic good and services food, clothing, and other manufactured productsthe mix of industrial output and the need to generate employment opportunities.

Labor and EmploymentAnalysis of the labor force determines the predominant development sectors in volue of employment of the population in an guidegook, that is, the possible labor market.

Areas with considerable unemployment may be determined and the data clupp guide the planners in redirecting development towards the area to create job opportunities for existing and projected population. Infrastructure Population size and its growth determine the demand for power and water supply, drainage and sewerage and solid waste disposal systems among households. Population density is considered in planning water supply, drainage sewerage and energy systems since the concentration of potential consumers is ideal for the construction of physical facilities such as pipelines and transmission lines.

Population size, its growth and geographical distribution would bear on the planning of transportation facilities inasmuch as the flow of commodities from production to consumption areas is induced by the demand of population for such commodities.


Daytime population should be considered in highly urbanized centers of the metropolis. The Millennium Declaration, which is a tuidebook consensus comprehensively map out key provisions of international instruments and reiterates the need for all governments to address poverty at the same time ensure environmental integrity.

The Millennium Development Goals MDGs containing 16 global targets and 48 global indicators provide concrete measures to assess development on a regular basis at country level. Effective, Transparent, Participatory, Gender-responsivePopulation Factors The demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration affect the population outcomes size, age-sex structure and voolume distribution of the population.

For example, if the average number of children born to a woman of reproductive age increased from 3 volkme 4, this would mean a larger number clu children aged 0 to Moreover, their contributions and capacities along the reproductive spheres need to be recognized as an important component of development.

Changes in population outcomes also affect the formation and use of productive resources natural, economic and human capital. For example, population pressure on natural resources can contribute to deforestation, erosion and degradation of the environment, which affect productive capacities, hence, the availability volune goods and services.

The environment and natural resources are the support system and sources of raw materials needed in the production of goods and services. Men and women to improve their lives and attain guideboko being which is indicated by long, healthy and productive life enhanced by the fulfillment of their fundamental human rights need these goods and services.

Consumption of Goods and Services The consumption of goods and services, in turn, is partly determined by the availability of such goods and services. Thus, poor households with low purchasing power2 in the market due to low income can still increase their consumption of goods and services if they can access subsidized goods and services made available by the public sector or private donors.

Otherwise, acquisition of goods and services may decrease which will eventually affect the well-being of the members of the poor households. Development The gidebook of better life or well-being that is, the capacity to do and to be are partly determined by the consumption of goods and services.

Thus, better health can be partly attributed clu the degree of consumption of preventive and curative health services; educational attainment, by the consumption of education services; and fertility, by the use of contraceptive services, etc. The attainment of better life or well-being, in turn, impacts on womens and guidenook fertility cclup, mortality patterns and migration practices, which could result in more manageable population levels that may, in the long run, contribute to the achievement of sustainable development.

When people consider the social, economic and environmental consequences of their actions, the intergenerational well-being goal of sustainable development is not compromised. Gender-Responsive Clul in Population and Sustainable Development A new world order evolved resulting from the shift of development focus from GNP to human development and well-being.

Governance has to be reinvented based on the following principles: These principles, which characterize good governance, basically create an enabling environment which ensures the following: As Adam Smith noted, having money gives one the ability cclup “command” others’ labor, so purchasing power to some extent is power over other people. The importance of participatory governance, which includes the civil society, particularly the womens groups, cannot be over emphasized.

This is considered vital in making development voljme that are legitimate and acceptable. Demographic Profiling To provide a comprehensive demographic profile of the planning area, it is imperative that both population processes and population outcomes be taken into explicit considerations. Refer to Annex 1.

The basic data on population can be derived from NSO census publications. Population Distribution 1 Total population and No.

Data is relevant to social, infrastructure and economic sectors. Other indicators are listed in Annex 1. For details on the indicators such as the definition, level of desegregation, frequency, availability and source of data refer to Annex 1-A. Adoption of the Decennial Census Based Population Growth Rates as the Official population growth rate figures to be utilized for planning and policy making purposes Annex 2.