Cocodrilos moreletii comiendo charal. Muy sanos y activos. Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R., Platt, S.G. & Thorbjarnarson, J. (IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group) Crocodylus moreletii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. English, –, Morelet’s Crocodile, Belize Crocodile. French, –, Crocodile de Morelet . Spanish, –, Cocodrilo de Morelet, Cocodrilo de Pantano y Lagarto.
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Morelet’s crocodiles are found on the eastern coastal plain of Mexico, across most of the Yucatan peninsula, and throughout Belize and northern Guatemala. Their range also overlaps that of the American crocodilebut the relationships between the two are unknown. Some Morelet’s crocodiles have escaped from captive breeding areas in Mexico outside their normal range.
Morelet’s crocodiles live primarily in freshwater areas such as swamps and marshes and can also be found in forested riparian habitats. Juveniles prefer denser cover for protection, and adults tend to aestivate in burrows during the dry season. The primary distinguishing feature of Crocodylus moreletii is the snout, which is uncharacteristically blunt for a crocodile. The snout has nostrils centered at its end. The eyes are situated behind the snout and ears behind the eyes. The location of all the sensory receptors are on the same plane the top of the head which allows them to be completely submerged in water and still have the ability to hear, see, and smell.
Their eyes, which are silvery-brown, have special eyelids with nictitating membranes covering them, allowing for vision underwater.
Morelet’s crocodiles generally have 66 to 68 teeth, with the distinguishing purely Crocodylus characteristic of having them in perfect alignment. Their appearance and color is similar to the American crocodilebut Morelet’s crocodiles tend to be a darker grayish-brown. Morelletii have dark bands and spots before the tail, while juveniles are a brighter yellow with black banding. Morelet’s crocodiles lack bony plates ventral osteoderums beneath the skin. They have powerful legs with clawed webbed feet, and large tails that allow them to swim with powerful thrusts.
They are medium-sized crocodiles, averaging 3 m and attaining a maximum of 4. When born, juveniles generally weigh about Morelet’s crocodiles have three main life stages, classified through their length: Not much information is known about the specific life cycle of this crocodile. As in all crocodilians, however, sex is determined by the incubation temperature of the eggs.
Britton, ; Liesegang and Baumgartner, Not much information is known about moreleiti mating habits between males and females, although they appear to follow some of the same mating habits such as being polygynous of the American crocodile Crocodylus acutus. Probably large males dominate the other males in their area, and females prefer to mate with the dominant males.
Oviposition for crocodiles living on the Yucatan primarily takes place in Chiapas between April and June.
Crocodylus moreletii is unique because it is the only crocodile known to be exclusively mound nesting, laying between 20 and 40 eggs moreletiii nests that are approximately 3 m wide by 1 m high. Some nests have been found containing more than one female’s eggs. At hatching time, two to three months after laying the eggs, female Morelet’s crocodiles have been known to carry eggs to water areas and crack them open.
Reproductive rates are generally high among C. Not much information is available about the specific behavior of juveniles or the fertilization process. Research is currently being conducted in these areas. Platt and Thorbjarnason, November Female Morelet’s crocodiles guard their nests until the eggs are ready to hatch. Studies among captive Crocodylus moreletii show females will respond to newborn vocalizations and open the nests.
Males and females mreletii also fiercely defend hatchlings against larger juveniles or other predators. Not much information is known about further interaction between juveniles and parents. Britton, ; Cododrilo and Thorbjarnason, November Because they are both rare and difficult to moreletui, not much is known about specific life cycles.
Morelet’s crocodiles that are bred in captivity appear to have a slightly longer lifespan up to 80 years than those that live in the wild 50 to 65 years. Females appear to live slightly longer than males.
Morelet’s crocodile – Wikipedia
Stafford and Meyer, Research is currently being conducted into C. These crocodiles appear to share similar qualities with the American crocodilesuch as habitat selection and feeding behaviors. Typically, Morelet’s crocodiles can be spotted in wetlands submerged below the surface with just the top of their heads visible. Crocodylus moreletii is active primarily at night, when it accomplishes its hunting and mating.
It spends the daylight hours basking lazily in the sun, although very alert and aware of what is happening around it. Juveniles communicate through vocalization known as barking when born, though not much information is known about specific social communication. They tend to follow the basic patterns of all Crocodyluswhich are the most vocal of all reptiles; their calls tend to differ depending on age, sex and situation.
They may share the similar habit cocidrilo the American crocodilewhose young are not as vocal as other species, which may be a response to high hunting pressures, resulting in a rapid adaptation for survival. Scales covering most of the head and parts of the body are equipped with integumentary sense organs ISO’s that perform a number of tasks, such as detecting pressure, cocodrilk, and vibrations.
Britton, ; Stafford and Meyer, Morelet’s crocodiles vary in diet according to their age and size. Juveniles eat small invertebrates and fish. Sub adults feed on aquatic snailsfishsmall birdsand mammals. Adults feed on larger prey, including birdsfishlizardsturtlesand domestic animals such as dogs. They can also become cannibalistic in times of low food, eating newborns.
Crocodylus moreletii is generally shy around humans, but larger ones may attack if provoked. While Morelet’s crocodiles tend to be dominant predators in their communities, their eggs and young often fall prey to older juveniles, larger mammalssnakeswading birdsand gulls. A key protection from predators is their tough hide and their loud vocal cries.
Larger individuals are potentially preyed upon by humans and jaguars. While not much information is known about the specific impact of the Morelet’s crocodiles on their ecosystem, they do share many similar traits with the American crocodilesuch as the role of primary carnivore in the ecosystem, thus affecting nutrient dispersal and ecosystem dynamics.
Unlike most other species of crocodilian, Morelet’s crocodiles have no bony plates called osteoderms in their skin. This makes the skin more valuable as leather, and has motivated over-hunting. Also, studies of the levels of mercury within the eggs of Morelet’s crocodiles in Belize has also led to clues about biological contamination there.
Britton, ; Rainwater, et al. Although generally shy, as with any crocodile, C. Due to their valuable hide, Morelet’s crocodiles were hunted almost to extinction through the years to Under the Mexican Wildlife Protection Act, hunting them became illegal and their numbers have steadily risen, although illegal poaching and habitat loss continue to threaten the animal. To counteract this, Mexico has begun breeding Morelet’s crocodiles in captivity. However, some individuals have escaped to form feral populations outside of moreleti regular breeding zones, creating cocodril problem for the populations of American crocodilewhich must compete with this newly-invasive species.
Matthews, ; Platt and Thorbjarnason, November Now primary focus remains in the development of sustainable use programs, such as commercial farming. More general docodrilo about the species is required first, however. Status cocodrill the south of Belize is unknown; reports suggest the species is widely distributed in the Mexican states of Tabasco, Chiapas, Yucatan and Quintana Roo, and their situation in the interior of Guatemala is unknown.
There remains little information on both specific numbers and general behavior patterns needed to judge their actual status throughout most of its range.
Morelet’s crocodiles are listed as Endangered under the U. Texas Tech currently maintains extensive research in Belize studying docodrilo genetics of different populations and the impact of various pesticides and heavy metal contamination throughout this species. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of cocodriko North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico.
Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons or periodic condition changes. Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody usually, but not always, a river or stream.
Accessed Date Unknown at http: Accessed March 18, at http: Washtington Postcocodriol Population Status and Conservation of Morelet’s Crocodile. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology A Guide to the Reptiles of Belize.
Natural History Museum of London. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. To cite this page: Accessed December 31, at https: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.
Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors modeletii references to books and websites that noreletii believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond mlreletii control. Geographic Range Morelet’s crocodiles are found on the eastern coastal plain of Mexico, across most of the Yucatan peninsula, and morelegii Belize and northern Guatemala. Britton, Biogeographic Regions nearctic native neotropical native Habitat Morelet’s crocodiles live primarily in freshwater areas such as swamps and marshes and can also be found in forested riparian habitats.
Britton, Habitat Regions temperate tropical terrestrial freshwater Terrestrial Biomes forest Aquatic Biomes lakes and ponds rivers and streams coastal brackish water Wetlands marsh swamp Other Habitat Features riparian Physical Description The primary distinguishing feature of Crocodylus moreletii is the snout, which is uncharacteristically blunt for a crocodile.
Britton, ; Liesegang and Baumgartner, Development – Life Cycle temperature sex determination Reproduction Not much information is known about particular mating habits between males and females, although they appear to follow some of the same mating habits such as being polygynous of the American crocodile Crocodylus acutus.