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C. altivelis was listed as ‘VU A4cd’ on the IUCN Red List in February by the IUCN Groupers and Wrasses Specialist Group (GWSG) in the. Geographic Range. The Barramundi Cod is generally found in the waters off the Northern Australian coast and as far as Western Australia. Although this fish is. Learn more about the Humpback grouper – with amazing Humpback grouper photos and facts on Arkive.

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It is rare cromileptew nature and high It is rare in nature and high priced both in the international ornamental market, and in the live food fish market centrally in Hong Kong and southern China. After introduction of the species into Hawaiian waters more than three cromlleptes ago, it has not been known to establish breeding stocks.

From both environmental and biodiversity perspectives, there is a need to move away from depending on wild-caught to hatchery-produced juveniles for grow-out, and from using mixed fish feed to commercial compounded diets in grouper mariculture operations. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Cromileptes altivelis Description Top of page Morphology. Body compressed, the depth less than head length, and contained 2. Head length contained 2. Gill rakers short, 8 to 11 on upper limb, 13 to 17 on lower limb.

Dorsal fin with X [10] spines and 17 to 19 rays, the fin origin over opercle, the fin membranes not incised between the spines, the posterior spines longest and the soft-rays even longer. Anal fin with III [3] spines cromildptes 9 or 10 rays; pectoral fins rounded, with 17 or 18 rays; the middle rays longest; pelvic crokileptes with I [1] spine and 5 rays Ou et al. Caudal fin rounded, with 8 branched rays and 8 procurrent rays in upper part and 7 branched rays and 8 procurrent rays in alfivelis part.

Scales on body smooth the ctenii greatly reduced ; lateral line scales 54 to 62; lateral scale series to Pyloric caeca Ou et al. Pale greenish brown, with widely-spaced, round, black spots on head, body, and fins; some spots on body and base of median fins overlain by a large dusky blotch. Black spots on juveniles are fewer than on adults and may be as large or larger than eye.

Records from the Hawaiian Islands are probably based on released aquarium fishes Randall and Heemstra, In it was reported in western Atlantic waters, although it is altvelis thought to have established a breeding population there Johnston and Purkis, The species is naturally rare Sadovy et al.


Fish are often encountered singly or in pairs and sometimes with individuals recorded in some sites; it is unknown whether these cromileptez groups are reproductive altivwlis Sadovy et al.

There is limited cultivation of C. Although hatchery production of C. Taiwan and mainland China attempted to produce and culture C. In Hong Kong, mariculture of C. The distribution in this zltivelis table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Grouper Culture in Floating Net Cages. Grouper Culture in Brackishwater Ponds. Domestication of the barramundi cod, Cromileptes altivelis Altivelix Sensitivity of grouper Epinephelus coioides eggs to handling stress at different stages of embryonic development. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture, 50 4: Marine market transformation of the live reef fish food trade in Southeast Asia.

Collected essays on the economics of coral reefs [ed. Taiwan grouper hatchery production in Recent developments in the breeding of grouper Epinephelus spp. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 19 The use of mixed fish feed in Hong Kong’s mariculture industry. Nutritional studies and feed development in the Epinephelus groupers. Advances in Marine Biology, Stock structure and regional variation in altivvelis dynamics of the Red Throat Emperor and other target species xltivelis the Queensland Tropical Reef Line Fishery.

Molecular phylogenetic relationships of China Seas groupers based on cytochrome b gene fragment sequences. Preliminary investigation of feeding performance of larvae of early red-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides, reared with mixed zooplankton. Daily rates of ingestion of rotifers and Artemia nauplii by laboratory-reared grouper larvae Epinephelus suillus.

Cromileptes altivelis, Humpback grouper : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

Larval rearing of the grouper Epinephelus suillus under laboratory conditions. The effect of background color and rotifer density on rotifer intake, growth and survival of the grouper Epinephelus suillus larvae. Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific islands. Introduction of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific islands. Transport of hatchery-reared and wild grouper larvae, Epinephelus sp.

Fisheries Global Information System. Global Aquaculture Production to Accessed 5 August Roma, FAO, pp. Entry for Cromileptes altivelis. Groupers of the world.


Human uses

Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Froese R; Pauly D, Sex change strategy and the aromatase genes. Additions and corrections for the impression.

Review of captive bred species and fry production of marine fish in China. Proceedings of the “larvi” symposia, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, September Marine species and their cromilepfes in China’s seas.

Hussain NA; Higuchi M, Larval rearing and development of the brown spotted grouper, Epinephelus tauvina Cromileptss. Workshop for global red list assessment of groupers: Collecting grouper seed for aquaculture in the Philippines. Live Reef Fish Information Bulletin, 6: The fishes of Papua New Guinea: II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae.

Fish biodiversity of India.

Humpback grouper

Development of eggs, larvae and juveniles of the grouper, Epinephelus septemfasciatus reared in the laboratory. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, Early developmental events associated with changeover of altive,is sources in the grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus, larvae. Why is grouper larval rearing difficult?: Induced spawning and larval rearing of grouper Epinephelus salmoides, Croimleptes.

Maclean JL et al. Proceedings of the First Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Status of marine finfish aquaculture in Vietnam. De Silva SS, ed. Techniques in finfish larviculture in Taiwan. Lieske E; Myers R, Harper Collins Publishers, pp.

Humpback grouper – Wikipedia

Experiment of fry nursing of E. Bulletin of the Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute, Larviculture of the greasy grouper Epinephelus tauvina F. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, Advances in the study on nutrient requirements of grouper Epinephelus sp.

Journal of Ocean University of China, 4 2: Replacement of fish meal by animal by-product meals in a practical diet for grow-out culture of grouper Epinephelus coioides. Evaluation of processed meat solubles as replacement for fish meal in diet altivelsi juvenile grouper Epinephelus coioides Hamilton. Aquaculture Research, 32 Supplement 1: Mous PJ; Meyer T, Report on the Komodo fish cromileptds project.

A pilot project to establish a multi-species reef fish hatchery in Loh Mbongi and village-based grow-out farms in communities surrounding Komodo National Park, West Flores, Indonesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. Diseases of cultured groupers. Effect of aquaculture on wild fish supplies.