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Hexoquinasa ATP. Glucógeno. GlucosaP. Benigna: afecta a eritrocitos y leucocitos. Grave: es más generalizada y afecta al hígado. ATP. Es la vía metabólica encargada de oxidar con la finalidad de obtener 2 moléculas de obtener energía. Reacciones de la glucólisis. 1ªFase. Glucogenosis Glucosa Glucosa-6P Fructosa-6P Fructosa-1,6 diP. Gliceraldehido -3P Dihidroxicetona-3P 1,3-Difosfoglicerato 3-Fosfoglicerato.

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Boron stress affects photosynthesis and metabolism of plant pigments. Stress due to the deficiency and toxicity of boron is common in crop plants. Currently, the role of boron in photosynthesis and its effects on pigment metabolism are unknown. Photosynthesis can present stomatal limitations due to a decrease in gas exchange and non-stomatal limitations, characterized by decreases in the activity of enzymes of the Calvin cycle and alterations in chlorophyll fluorescence deficiejcia to the decoupling generated between the photo phase and synthesis phase of photosynthesis, promoting contents that increase reactive oxygen species that negatively affect some molecules, cellular structures, and photosynthetic efficiency.

Glucosa-6-fosfato isomerasa

Likewise, an alteration of the pigment metabolism occurs, changing the composition of a, b, and total chlorophylls, as well as the concentration of other pigments, such as carotenoids, involved in the tolerance of plants to various stress conditions, varying their expression according to the species and phenological stage.

Se considera como un micronutriente esencial para las plantas Broadley et al. Concordando con Guidi et al. El B afecta el intercambio gaseoso Pinho et al. En este sentido, Han et al. Sin embargo, Han et al. En general, Han et al. Sin embargo, Tewari et al. En estudios realizados por Hajiboland et al. Diferentes investigaciones han revelado que la toxicidad por boro reduce el contenido de clorofilas abtotales y carotenoides, en plantas de pera, mostaza, Artemisia annua y diferentes brasicas Aftab et al.

Boron induced oxidative stress, antioxidant defence response and changes in Artemisinin content in Artemisia annua L. Influence of boron nutrition on membrane leakage, chlorophyll content and gas exchange characteristics in Cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. Role of boron in plant growth: Susceptibility of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus L. Antioxidant responses and water status in Brassica seedlings subjected to boron stress.


Production and scavenging of reactive oxygen species in chloroplast and their functions. A promising nutrient for increasing growth and yield of plants. Nutrient use efficiency in plants. Boron in plant structure and function. Carbohydrate production and transport in cotton cultivars grown under boron deficiency. Marschner’s mineral nutrition of higher plants. Boron mobility in plants.

Plant Soil Physiological response of plant to high-irradiance stress.

Proteomic analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves in response to acute boron deficiency and toxicity reveals effects on photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, and protein synthesis. Water stress effects on leaf growth and chlorophyll content but not the grain yield in tradicional rice Oryza sativa Linn.

Boron stress affects photosynthesis and metabolism of plant pigments. A review

Induction and suberin and increase of lignin content by excess boron in tobacco cells. Effect of air pollution on chlorophyll content of leaves. Boron in plants and animals: Is there a role beyond cell-wall structure? REB 27 4 Effects of boron on leaf chlorophyll fluorescence of greenhouse tomato grown with saline water.

Boron deficiency is correlated with changes in cell wall structure that lead to growth defects in the leaves of navel orange plants. Remobilization of boron, photosynthesis, phenolic metaolism and anti-oxidant defense capacity in boron-deficient turnip Brassica rapa L. Effect of light intensity on photosynthesis and antioxidant defense in boron deficient tea plants. Szegediensis 55 2 Photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism and antioxidant defense system in B-deficient tea Camellia sinensis L.

Boron deficiency decreases growth and photosynthesis, and increases starch and hexoses in leaves of citrus seedlings. CO2 assimilation, photosystem II photochemistry, carbohydrate metabolism and antioxidant system of citrus leaves in response to boron stress. Systemic acquired resistance mediated by the ectopic expression of invertase: Characterization of Deviciencia CTP: Regulation of hexoquiinasa expression of rbcS and other photosynthetic genes by carbohydrates: Boron excess affects photosynthesis and antioxidant apparatus of greenhouse Cucurbita pepo and Cucumis sativus.

Antioxidant and photosynthetic response of a purple-leaved and a green-leaved cultivar of sweet basil Ocimum basilicum to boron excess. Boron in forest trees and forest ecosystems.

Physiological and molecular responses to excess boron in Citrus macrophylla W. Chlorophyll fluorescence – a practical guide. Effects of boron deficiency on geranium grown under different nonphotoinhibitory light levels. Boron transport in plants: Effect of boron deficiency on photosynthesis and antioxidant responses of Young tea plantlets.


Comparative effects of boron toxicity and deficiency on the growth, chlorophyll, protein and some cations accumulation in Zea mays seedlings. Plant adaptation and phytoremediation. Effects of B excess on some physiological and anatomical parameters of Navelina orange plants grafted on two rootstocks.

Boron deficiency affects gas exchange and photochemical efficiency JPI test parameters in green dwarf Coconut. Effect of boron and high irradiance stresses on chlorophyll, protein and starch content in leaves of cowpea Vigna unguiculata L.

Glucogenosis by Lalo San on Prezi

A critical analysis of the causes of boron toxicity in plants. Sugar sensing and signaling in plants: Feedback control of gene expression. The effects of low boron on growth, gas exchange, boron concentration and deviciencia of ‘NewhallF navel orange Citrus sinensis Osb. Nutritional status, growth, CO2 assimilation, and leaf anatomical responses in two kiwifruit species under boron toxicity.

Kinetic analysis of boron transport in Chara. Boron deficiency effects on growth, photosynthesis and relative concentrations of phenolics of Dittrichia viscosa Asteraceae. Arabidopsis boron transporter for xylem loading. Nature 21 Physiological roles and transport mechanisms of boron: Morphology and oxidative physiology of boron-deficient mulberry plants.

Evaluation of photosynthetic performance of wheat cultivars exposed to boron toxicity by the JIP fluorescence test. Photosynthetica 52 deficlencia Boron induced modulation in growth, photosynthesis and anxiocidant system in two varieties of Brassica juncea. Change in photosynthetic properties and antioxidative hexoqkinasa of pear leaves to boron toxicity. Mechanisms for boron deficiency-mediated changes in plant water relations.

Cotton carbon exchange, nonstructural carbohydrates, and boron distribution in tissues during development of boron deficiency. Services on Demand Article. Spanish pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Defiviencia.

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