Divanul sau Gâlceava Înțeleptului cu lumea sau Giudețul a lui Ioan Dimitrie Constantin-voievod, [The Divan or The Wise Man’s Parley with. is The Divan or the Disputation of the Wiseman with the World or the Soul’s Judgement of the Body (Divanul sau gâlceava înţeleptului cu lumea sau Giudeţul . Bucharest, Dimitrie Cantemir, Divanul sau gâlceava înţeleptului cu lumea sau giudeţulsufletuluicutrupul, ΚρίτηριονἢΔιάλεξιςτοῦΣοφοῦμὲτὸνΚόσμον.
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Dimitrie Cantemir (Author of Descrierea Moldovei)
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Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir Romanian pronunciation: He was twice voivode of Moldavia March—April and — During his second term, he allied his state with Russia in their war against Moldavia’s Ottoman overlords; Russia’s defeat forced Cantemir’s family into exile and the Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir Romanian pronunciation: During his second term, he allied his state with Russia in their war against Moldavia’s Ottoman overlords; Russia’s defeat forced Cantemir’s family into exile and the replacement of the native voivodes by the Greek phanariots.
Cantemir was also a prolific writer, variously a philosopher, historian, composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer. His son Antioch, Russia’s ambassador to Great Britain and France and a friend of Montesquieu and Voltaire, would go on to be known as “the father of Russian poetry”. His elderly father was from a noble family of Crimean Tatar extraction, which came to Moldavia in the midth century.
One of the explanations for the name “Cantemir” is that it’s derived from “Can Temur”, meaning “the blood of Timur”, marking a direct descent from the conqueror Tamerlane. His mother was a learned daughter of a local noble family. Although Constantin himself was illiterate, he educated his sons Dimitrie and Antioh thoroughly.
File:Divanul sau gâlceava înţeleptului cu lumea sau giudeţul sufletului cu trupul, Iaşi, 1698.jpg
Dimitrie learned Greek and Latin to read the classics as a child. One of his tutors was the scholar John Komnenos Molyvdos. Between andDimitrie spent most of his time as a hostage or envoy in Constantinople, living ihteleptului the palace he owned, where he learned Turkish and studied Ottoman history at the Patriarchate’s Greek Academy.
InDimitrie was appointed voivode in his own right. Believing Ottoman Turkey to be collapsing, he placed Moldavia under Russian control through a secret agreement signed at Lutsk. Turkey then replaced the voivodeship with the rule of Greek phanariots. He lived on an estate at Dmitrovka near Oryol, with a sizable boyar retinue including the chronicler Ion Neculce.
There he died on 21 Auguston the very day he was awarded his German title. Cantemir was a polyglot known as one of the greatest linguists of his time, speaking and writing eleven languages.
Well versed in Oriental scholarship, his oeuvre is voluminous, diverse, and original, although some of his scientific writings contain unconfirmed theories or simple inaccuracies. Between and he wrote his most important creations.
Divanul sau Gâlceava înţeleptului cu lumea
Inhe was named a member of the Royal Academy of Berlin. Cantemir’s best-known history work was his History of the Growth and Decay of the Divajul Empire the original title was in Latin, Historia incrementorum atque decrementorum Aulae Othomanicae.
This volume circulated throughout Europe in manuscript for a number of years. It was finally printed in in London and was later translated and printed in Germany and France. It remained the seminal work on the Ottoman Empire up to the middle of the 19th.
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