Native Range: The Yellow Anaconda occurs in southern South America, including the Pantanal in Bolivia and Brazil, and south through the. Learn more about the Yellow anaconda – with amazing Yellow anaconda photos and facts on Arkive. YELLOW ANACONDA Eunectes notaeus FAUNA PARAGUAY reptile image gallery photo video sound recordings birding tours of paraguay expert guide paul .
|Published (Last):||12 March 2008|
|PDF File Size:||3.28 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.10 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Yellow anacondas occur in southern South America, including Paraguay, southern Brazil, northeastern Argentina, and Bolivia. Yellow anacondas can be found in swamps and marshlands with slow-moving rivers or streams. They can also be observed in forests searching for large game, such as brocket deer or peccaries. During droughts they can be found using caves for shelter and along river banks in holes that retain water.
During the rainy months, yellow anacondas can be found in flooded, treeless areas, eunectds they hunt for aquatic species such as fish or caimans Caiman. Although yellow anacondas are much smaller than green anacondas Eunectes murinusthe world’s largest snakes they do reach lengths of up to 4. Yellow anacondas have yellowish-green scales with brown or blackish bands and overlapping spots that wrap around the entire body. This provides camouflage in murky water or in forest vegetation.
Females grow longer than males and generally weigh more as well.
Male yellow anacondas can reach up to 3. Mattison, ; Owen, Females, after a 6 month gestation period, give birth to fully-developed live young. These young are immediately able to live on their own. Yellow anacondas seem to have indeterminate growth. For the most part, yellow anacondas are sequentially monogamous. Males become attracted to females when she produces pheromones released into the air. Males then follows the scent to the female and begin courtship. This courtship normally will take place in water and may last for quite some time.
Yellow anacondas have been known to form breeding balls, consisting of one female and multiple males. These breeding balls have been known to stay together for up to a month. In the breeding ball, males compete for mating access to the female. Normally the largest male will win successfully outcompete other males. Larger males may successfully breed with more females as a result.
Yellow anacondas breed between April and May every year. Females incubate eggs in their bodies and give birth to already hatched young. The gestation period is 6 months, after which the female gives birth to from 4 to 82 young at a size of about 60 cm in length. After giving birth, female anacondas leave her young to defend for themselves.
Young anacondas reach sexual maturity at 3 to 4 years old. Mattison, notaeu Schmidt and Inger, Females provide significant resources to their young during incubation, but the young are independent at birth and there is no further parental care. Most mortality in yellow anacondas occurs as young, when they are smaller and vulnerable to predation. Once they reach adult sizes, yellow anacondas have few notaeys predators.
The typical lifespan for yellow anacondas in the wild is from 15 to 20 years. In captivity yellow anacondas can live up to 23 years. Humans greatly influence the lifespan of yellow anacondas in the wild, as poaching has decreased the number of yellow anacondas to a dangerously unstable level. Eunfctes, ; Simon, Yellow anacondas are strictly solitary, found only with other yellow anacondas for mating.
Yellow anacondas may spend up to several months in courtship and mating, but separate once mating is complete. Most of their time is spent in aquatic habitats, hunting prey, although they venture onto land for mating, moving to other water bodies, or hunting occasional terrestrial prey.
In times of drought yellow anacondas actively seek swamps and marshes with enough water in which to hunt. They are considered timid snakes and normally try to escape from predators, such as humans, but they will defend themselves when threatened.
Crompton, ; Leen, No information is available on home range size. Yellow anacondas do not seem to defend territories. Yellow anacondas are solitary animals, except in breeding season. Females attract mates through pheromones. Male anacondas will follow this pheromone trail and, once the potential mates encounter one another, they communicate by rubbing one another and proceed with courtship. All anacondas Eunectes have heat-sensing pits located along their mouths.
These pits are used to find prey by detecting body heat given off by warm blooded animals. Like most snakes, yellow anacondas do not hear well, although they can pick up vibrations through their jaws. Yellow anacondas, like most snakes, rely heavily on their fork-like tongues and chemosensation to navigate their environment and help find prey. The tongue is eunecets in and out of the enectes to taste the air, chemicals collected by the tip of ehnectes tongue are deposited in the vomeronasal organ on the top of the mouth.
Yellow anacondas are generalist carnivorous, preying mainly on animals found in wetland and riparian areas throughout their range. Their diet consists of birds, bird eggs, small mammals, turtles, lizards, occasional fish or fish carrion, and caimans. Wading birds may be their most common prey in some areas. They can reach sizes sufficient to take larger prey, such nitaeus brocket deerpeccariesor capybaras. Yellow anacondas are considered ambush hunters and constrictors. Eunects lay in wait in the water or in vegetation and strike at prey that pass.
When prey are grabbed, they begin to wrap their body around eunecte prey and begin constriction. With each exhalation of the prey, the constrictor can squeeze tighter, eventually causing asphyxiation. They may also pull the prey under euhectes during constriction.
Yellow anacondas then swallow prey head first by unhinging their jaws, as do other snakes. Along with their incredible jaw flexibility, yellow anacondas have more than a recurved teeth that help to hold and swallow prey.
Their digestive system is relatively slow and yellow anacondas may eat only every few days or months, depending on the size of their last prey item.
Like other snakes, yellow anacondas can survive long periods without prey. In the wild most predation occurs from June to November, during the nltaeus dry periods when wetlands areas have shrunk. Einectes, ; Strussmann, ; Linley, ; Parker, ; Strussmann, Adult yellow anacondas have no natural predators.
Humans are their main predators and they are hunted for their skin, for the zoo and pet trade, persecuted out of fear, and their habitats euneftes destroyed. Notaeuss of juvenile yellow anacondas include crab-eating foxes Cerdocyon thoustegu lizards Tupinambis merianaecaimans Caiman crocodilusand larger anacondas Eunectes. In order to avoid predation, young anacondas are camouflaged, as their dark-spotted patterns hides them in the vegetation.
Adult yellow anacondas are keystone species; they are one of the top enectes in the ecosystems they inhabit. Yellow anacondas influence the number of prey animals, which influences the populations of other prey animals and predators.
Ticks from the family Ixodidae are found on yellow anacondas. However, yellow anacondas produce an odor that deters ticks from attaching themselves.
Yellow anacondas are hunted for their skin to make merchandise such as purses, shoes, and belts. Yellow anacondas are also taken for the pet trade.
However, anacondas are unpredictable and dangerous and few people take on the challenge of keeping an anaconda as a pet. Yellow anacondas are kept by zoos, where they are a popular attraction. People are intrigued by these species and also terrified by them. Yellow anacondas are large and aggressive snakes that can inflict damage on humans if approached or threatened.
They may even pose a predation risk to small children, but attacks on humans by yellow anacondas are exceptionally rare. It is illegal to hunt yellow anacondas in most of South America. This law has helped population numbers to increase, but pet trading and zoos still threaten their survival. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons or periodic condition changes.
Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody usually, but not always, a river or stream.
The World Encyclopedia of AnimalsVol. The Boidae boas and Pythonidae pythons. Grizimek’s Animal Life EncyclopediaVol.
ADW: Eunectes notaeus: INFORMATION
Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Snakes Of The World. Facts On File Publications.
Yellow Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus) ·
The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Boidae Boas ande phythons. The Encyclopedia of SnakesVol. The Encyclopedia of AnimalsVol.