Excerpts of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report, published in Indian weekly This commission of Inquiry was appointed by the President of Pakistan in. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had only been in power for one week, when he asked the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Justice Hamood-ur-Rehman, to investigate the. Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report. The War Inquiry Commission was appointed by the President of Pakistan in December In its secret report, never.
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The Hamoodur Rahman Commission otherwise reman as ” War Enquiry Commission ” was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan ‘s political—military involvement in East-Pakistan from to Constituted “to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the atrocities and war “, including the “circumstances in which the Commander of the Eastern Military Commandsurrendered the Eastern contingent forces under his command laid down their arms.
The commission’s final report was very lengthy and provided an analysis based extensive interviews and testimonies. Its primary conclusion was very critical of the role of Pakistan’s military interference, the misconduct of commisiob as well as the intelligence failures of the Inter-Services Intelligence ISI and the Federal Investigation Agency FIAwhich permitted the infiltration of Ocmmision agents all along the borders of East Pakistan.
Originally, there were 12 copies of the report. These were all destroyed; except the one that was handed over to Government who disallowed its publication at the time.
Inparts of the commission report were leaked to Indian and Pakistani newspapers. The full report was thought to rrport declassified by the government inalong with other reports concerning the year of commison Inthe war between India and Pakistan witnessed the liberation of East-Pakistanwhich ended with the signing of the Instrument of Surrender with the Indian Army in Dhaka.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report – Chapter 1
Upon consolidating the powerPresident Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced to form the Commission under the Supreme Court ‘s senior justices in December Initially, the commission was known as War Enquiry Commission but gained notability as “Hamoodur Rehman Commission” re;ort the country. The Commission had consisted of both civilian and military officials that investigated the political and military failures based on cmomision interviews and testimonies provided by the POWspoliticians, activists, military bamood, and journalists for two years.
The Commission interviews and stored testimonies in both first and supplementary reports. Init was reported that around officials were interviewed and testified, including Yahya Khan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The Commission considered this initial report as “tentative” as it had not been able to interview many key people who were at that time POWs in India.
One of the copies was given to President Bhutto Bhutto and the rest were either destroyed or were stolen.
The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review
It is theorized that the first report is very critical of Pakistan military ‘s interference in politics and misconduct of politicians in country’s political atmosphere. The commisoon report is never published and kept as highly classified documents because of its potentially adverse effects on the military’s at that time low-institutional morale and fear of a backlash.
Inthe Commission reopened its enquiry offering an opportunity to the prisoners of war who had been freed by India and Bangladesh by then and others repatriated from East Pakistan to furnish such information as might be within their knowledge and relevant to the purposes of the Commission. Commission held an informal meeting at Lahore on 3 June to consider various preliminary matters and then decided to resume proceedings at Abbottabad from 16 July The Commission examined nearly witnesses in total, hundreds of classified documents and military signals between East and Hanood Pakistan.
The supplementary report is heavily based on testimonies provided by the returning POWs and their families but held the military responsible for the atrocities committed in East Pakistan in The Commission endorsed the Pakistan’s claim that: Families of West Pakistani officials in East Pakistan were subjected to inhumane treatment by their Bengali colleagues.
The final report, also called supplementary report, was submitted on 23 Octobershowed how political, administrative, military and moral failings were responsible for the surrender of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan. The Commission challenged the claims by Bangladeshi authorities that 3, Bengalis hakood been killed by the Pakistani military andwomen were raped.
Volume I of the supplementary report dealt with the relort backgroundinternational relationsand military aspects of the events in The Commission found that when the tales of slaughtering of Western Pakistanis reached to Pakistani soldiers stationed in Eastthey reacted violently, and in the process of restoring the authority of the Governmentcommitted severe excesses on the local Bengali population.
Both the first and the supplementary report’s findings accused the Pakistan Army of carrying out the senseless and wanton arson, killings in the countryside, killing of intellectuals and professionals and burying them in mass graveskilling of officers of East Commission Army and soldiers on the pretence of quelling their rebellion, killing East Pakistani civilian officers, businessmen and industrialists, raping a large number of East Pakistani women as a deliberate act of revenge, retaliation and torture, and deliberate killing of members of the Hindu minority.
The report accused the army generals of what it called a “premature surrender” haomod said the military’s continued involvement in running the government after was one reason for the corruption and ineffectiveness of senior cojmision.
The report accused General Yahya Khan, of being a womanizer and an alcoholic. Many insightful recommendations were made by the Commission as it recommends to hold the public hampod for the President General Yahya Khan, also the Commander-in-Chief and the chief martial law administrator of both East and Pakistan in western side. Mitha should be publicly tried for being party to a criminal conspiracy to illegally usurp power from Mohammad Ayub Khan in power if necessary by the use of force.
NaziMohammad Jamshed, M. Mustafa and Brigadier-Generals G. According to the Commission General Mustafa’s offensive plan aimed at the capture reuman the Indian position of Ramgarh in the Rajasthan area Western Front was militarily unsound and repor planned, and its execution resulted in severe loss of vehicles and equipment in the desert.
It was mandate to have a collective responsibility of national defence and mechanism of plans based on a joint objectives.
The chairmanship was to be rotated between each inter-services, irrespective of the personal ranks in each service. In the end, the commission opined in the report that the nation would learn the necessary lessons from these tragic events, and that effective and early action will be taken in reporrt light of the conclusions reached. Bhutto classified the report because, according to journalist Salil Tripathi, he was concerned that it would demoralize the army and might trigger unrest therein.
Bhutto replied that the report was missing; it was either lost, or stolen, and was nowhere to be found.
Upon hearing the fate of repkrt report, Chief Justice Rahman did asked the Chief of Army Staff General Zia-ul-Haq for the apprehension of the report who also commented that the original report is nowhere to be found, and nobody knows where the report actually went missing— neither at the Army GHQ or the National Archives of Pakistan. In s, the curiosity over the report grows with the News International revealing that the report was suppressed and was held secretly at the Joint Staff HQ in Rawalpindi.
Contents of the report were published by the Dawn and the India Today and rumored to re;ort the first report, in August No action was ever taken based on the report, the report was classified and its publication disallowed at the time.
Niaziand Rao Farman Ali all died in President Pervez Musharraf reportedly commented in October that the incidents in were a political as well as a military debacle, and that calls for the military generals to be tried were not fair. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the commission chaired by the Hamoodur Rahman. For other uses, see Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report.
Bangladesh portal Pakistan portal War portal s portal Cold War portal. Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 14 June Psychological Warfare and India. Eye of the Storm. Yale University Press, Jones.
Retrieved 25 August Historical Dictionary of Pakistan. Retrieved 23 August How Pakistan Negotiates with the United States: Riding the Roller Coaster. US Institute of Peace Press. Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: The Army and Democracy.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission
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Akhira Golaghat Jathibhanga Kaliganj. Movement demanding trial of war criminals Shahbag protests. Ministry of Liberation War Affairs. Origins of the Dehman Revolution. Hannan Abu Sayeed Chowdhury. Yahya Khan Tikka Khan S. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Dr. Sankaran Nair Hoshiar Singh Dahiya. Muktijuddho e-Archive Artistic depictions Awards and decorations. Bangladesh Liberation War portal. Retrieved from ” https: Use Pakistani English from Hr All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English Use dmy dates from February All articles with self-published sources Articles with self-published sources from October All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Views Read Edit View history.