Herch Moysés Nussenzveig Nussenzveig Herch Moysés Nussenzveig (born January 16, , São Paulo) is a Brazilian physicist, professor at Universidade. Herch Moysés Nussenzveig. Follow. Follow on Amazon. Follow authors to get new release updates, plus improved recommendations and more coming soon. Nussenzveig (Q). Brazilian physicist. Herch Moyses Nussenzveig Hersh Moysés × ; 12 KB. 0 references. sex or gender.
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The first, whose colors appear in the order we all know, arises in the sky when sunrays are deflected from their path and spread mmoyss droplets of water into the atmosphere. As for the luminous circles of the second, they are rare, but one can nusxenzveig a photo of one on page They are produced thanks to a property of light that most people are unaware of, called tunneling, Nussenzveig concluded in in a theory he has recently completed with new evidence.
However, learning about this year old physicist just through his optics work is not enough. During the military herdh, while living in the United States, he did what he could to help researchers that were the victims of political persecution. He welcomed those who had to leave the country, denounced to the international scientific community what was going on here and organized protests that reached president Arthur da Costa e Silva. Within his family, he is surrounded by science.
His two brothers are physicians.
Herch Moysés Nussenzveig
One of them, Victor, is an internationally renowned immunologist, known for his studies on malaria; his wife, Micheline, is a chemist; and his three children are also researchers: Helena is a mathematician, Paulo is a physicist and Roberto is a biochemist.
About three years ago, Nussenzveig set himself a new challenge: Despite the difficulties encountered, he has not considered quitting. You are a member of the group that is working toward re-launching the science kit sold in newsstands in the s. How is this project doing?
Were you familiar with the kits? I have never seen one. I only know that they used to be made by the Editora Abril publishing house. At the time, Isaias Raw had done some wonderful work at Funbec [the Brazilian Foundation for the Teaching of Science] and had prepared the kits, but with local distribution, on a modest scale.
The most important part was made out of simple material, but it had to work well to enable the purchasers of the kit to replicate crucial experiments of the scientist that had led to the fundamental laws in some scientific area.
For instance, there was a kit about [the English physicist and chemist, Michael] Faraday. To test the law of induction, the kit included a magnet, a wire, a bobbin and batteries. Everything had to be assembled by the child who had bought it. It also came with instructions on how to assemble the device and what should be measured, besides questions about the results.
It was fantastically successful. At the time, my children were in Brazil and they loved these kits, which had been designed for middle school students.
When I thought about recreating the project, three years ago, I was part of DNA Brasil [an institute established by the Ralston Semler Foundation to discuss development strategies for Brazil], along with many renowned scientists.
I presented the proposal to the group and it was approved. We contacted Sergio Rezende, the minister of Science and Technology, who liked the idea, and Isaias Raw, who agreed with the re-launch.
We planned an initial meeting, including Civita and Isaias. My idea was to establish a coordinating board comprising scientists willing to fully support the project.
This is not easy. We have been meeting since The idea is to get this into newsstands, and Abril can provide nationwide distribution. The fundamental point is that children find out about the kit so that it arouses among them the enthusiasm for doing something with real objects. This is what is lacking in science instruction in Brazil.
There are almost no labs in the middle schools, but nothing can replace this. Who is involved in the project? We have formed a kind of scientific board. In biology, Mayana Zatz and Eliana Dessen. In astronomy we have Beatriz Barbuy and, in chemistry, Henrique Toma. We have already held quite a few meetings and prepared a list of the kits and what they should contain. Right from the first meetings I felt that to render the project financially viable, we would have to get MEC, the Ministry of Education, to participate.
The idea is that MEC would do something similar with the kits. There is a large number of government schools and this might make it cheaper to sell the kits in newsstands. Isaias and Civita agree with heerch that it would be useless to only have the kits in the schools, uerch they would probably end up collecting dust in a drawer. The teachers are not prepared for this. Something the child does with pleasure. That is what is missing. This will influence instruction because the child does what it says, then has a doubt nussenzveug takes it to school.
This child will provoke the teacher, who will have to learn in order to respond. What is being done, which is to retrain teachers and train new ones, herfh important. That is why we believe this project is crucial. At least for the first few years, the project will have to be government-funded this way and with the support of MEC, which would acquire the issues unsold in the newsstands and send them to the schools. How many kits will be in this collection?
From 15 to 20, encompassing all the areas. An integral part of it is a telescope called the Galileuscope.
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The company would make it for less in Brazil, making it feasible to put it into the kits. The prototype of the first kit, made by Bagnato, is on my desk. There is nothing nussdnzveig the world to compare to this project.
In the medium-term, this could give rise to a for-profit company to distribute it even in other countries. There is a worldwide shortage of something like this. The problem is that in Brazil our situation is worse than the average in developed countries. If BNDES buys the idea, this is the best thing we could do for education in the next few years, to establish a sound basis for development in the country.
I almost started in movies. Why did you choose mathematics?
mpyss In the last year, the school got a scholarship from the French government, to be awarded by means of a competition. This consisted of writing an essay on, if I remember correctly, the cultural legacy of France. I won the award, a trip and a one-year scholarship to study anywhere in France.
I spent part of my undergraduate years as an experimental physics trainee. After the third or fourth year of physics, I became interested in theoretical physics. I was lucky because a foreign visiting professor appeared at that time, an important American physicist, David Bohm. He had worked with J.
He had worked with Oppenheimer and was one of the pivots of the interrogation in which Oppenheimer was questioned about security. Bohm had reputedly been a communist. They often questioned Oppenheimer about David Bohm; I have the transcript of these interrogations.
Herch Moysés Nussenzveig: Beyond the rainbow : Revista Pesquisa Fapesp
It was a disgrace for Princeton to have done that. I taught at the University of Rochester for 10 years, where a similar case occurred. However, it was lucky for me. How did you meet him? Bohm taught an excellent theoretical physics course as well as my first quantum mechanics course. He continued to suffer political persecution here, however. He became a naturalized Brazilian and when he travelled to Israel, at the invitation of Technion [the Technical Institute of Israel], it was with a Brazilian passport.
Then he went to London, where he married an Englishwoman. Many years later, his mother was seriously ill and he wanted to visit her in the United States, now holding British nationality, but the visa was denied. To replace Bohm, we got another foreigner, professor Guido Back, an Austrian physicist who had graduated at the time when quantum mechanics was being established.
At the time, the number of important physicists was no greater than a few dozen and he had been through all the major institutes and laboratories.
He knew those who had established quantum mechanics. In the s, when France was under [German] occupation, Beck was interned in a camp for foreigners. He spent several years in Argentina nussenzvrig was one of the founders of the Argentine Association of Physics. I wrote my thesis on the field of optics and the theory of diffraction.
Herch Moysés Nussenzveig | Revolvy
Beck sent the thesis to Max Born, who was in Scotland, and then an odd thing happened. Emil Wolf, one of the great names in optics, was working with Born and was invited to go to the University of Rochester, in New York state.
When he was about to board, Born said to him: Although it was in the private sector, it had federal support. When inflation got out of hand, the CBPF budget collapsed.
So this was the start of your work in the United States. I got an invitation from the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University and, in SeptemberI moved there with Micheline and our daughter, Helena, who was four months old at noyss time. While passing through the United States in February or March ofSalmeron invited me to become a professor in Brasilia. In principle, I accepted.